|THE EDIBLE PLANTS IN VIETNAM||
Edited by Ho Dinh Hai
Long An - Vietnam
2.2.1- Species of White flesh Dragonfruit
(also called: Pitaya blanca or White-fleshed Pitaya) has red-skinned fruit with white flesh. This is the most commonly seen "dragon fruit". The native origin of the species has never been resolved.
2.2.2- Species of Red flesh Dragonfruit
(also called: Pitaya roja or Red-fleshed Pitaya, also known as Hylocereus polyrhizus) has red-skinned fruit with red flesh.
2.2.3- Species of Yellow skin Dragonfruit
(also called: Pitaya amarilla or Yellow Pitaya, also known as Selenicereus megalanthus) has yellow-skinned fruit with white flesh.
Mg/100g of fruit pulp
Mg/100g of fruit pulp
Step 1: To choose a ripe dragon fruit: look for bright, even-colored skin. If the fruit has a lot of blotches, it may be over-ripe (a few is normal). Another sign of over-ripe dragon fruit is a very dry, brittle brown stem, or brown on the tips of the "leaves". Hold the dragon fruit in your palm and try pressing the skin with your thumb or fingers - it should give a little (like a ripe kiwi), but shouldn't be too soft or mushy. If it's very firm, it will need to ripen for a few days.
Step 2: Cut the Dragon Fruit
Placing the dragon fruit over a cutting board or other clean surface, cut the fruit straight down the middle with a sharp knife. It will cut quite easily.
Step 3: Open the Dragon Fruit
Cut through to the other side, so that you can separate the fruit into 2 sections. Inside the flesh may be white or red - both will have tiny black edible seeds, just like kiwi fruit.
Step 4: Separate the Flesh from the Skin
There are various ways to prepare dragon fruit for eating - this is just one way. Run a tablespoon around the circumference of the first section to separate the flesh from the skin.
Step 5: Lift Flesh out of the Skin
Now lift the flesh out of the skin and place it on the cutting board. Reserve the skin for serving (as in step 8), if desired. Note that the skin is NOT edible. Do the same for the other half.
Step 6: Remove Skin from Flesh
Turn the mound of flesh over, checking for any residual pink skin. Slice this off, as the skin isn't healthy to ingest.
Step 7: Slice up the Dragon Fruit
Now you can slice up the flesh. Cubes work well for eating the fruit fresh.
Step 8: Enjoy Your Fresh Dragon Fruit a Variety of Ways!
If desired, return the cubes of fruit to the skin to serve, or transfer to a serving dish and enjoy! Note that left overs can be refrigerated, like any other fruit, in a covered container.
See 8 Steps in the following slide: